Hymenoptera insects called meliponas, produce honey considered not only pure, but with great health benefits according to the history of the Maya; however, there are currently few swarms of the species in the entity.
The number of swarms has been reduced by up to 80 percent in the entity, there are currently 2,200 of them in indigenous communities, said Stephane Palmieri, international president of the Melipona Maya Foundation.
Melipone honey has been used as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. "The Mayans used the honey of their honey bee for disorders of the respiratory, digestive, circulatory and immune system; palliary diseases of the eyes, ears, skin, mouth and organs.
Melipona bees do not have sting and play a very important role in the conservation of forests, low forests and mangroves, because it is the natural pollinator of numerous plants and trees, whose survival depends on this small insect, however, the excessive deforestation of the jungles and even the passage of hurricanes in the last decades have placed the bee melipona in franco in danger of extinction.
The stingless bees do not store honey in honeycombs, instead they store the honey in amphorae (vertical pots), which must be broken or crushed to extract the honey. The average yield of a hive is one liter of honey per year with a value of $ 18 to $ 22 per liter.
It refers to the breeding and management of melipon bees.
This activity has several advantages such as: its use in the pollination of some crops, environmentally sustainable, low cost of implementation and maintenance; as well as low investment in time and labor.
In tropical regions, some species of stingless bees - especially Trigona and Melipona - are robbed of stored honey. All these bees build their nests in hollow containers. Although they do not bite, they defend their colony by means of bites to the intruder. Some secrete irritants with the bite.
According to the characteristics before the honey bee, it is necessary to highlight the care and protection that we must provide in the communities of Tulum, as well as to promote the benefits and healing properties of melipona honey. In addition to the instruction, Green Habitat Preservation will maintain workshops of meliponiculture reinforcing the social integration of tourism that is generated each year before the preservation of this honey bee.